"It is only when the people become ignorant and corrupt, when they degenerate into a populace, that they are incapable of exercising their sovereignty."
James Monroe was born April 28, 1758 in Westmoreland, Virginia. After being Secretary of State and Secretary of War under James Madison, he became president in 1817. His cabinet was John C. Calhoun as Secretary of war and John Quincy Adams as secretary of State. He also issued the Monroe Doctrine. The Monroe Doctrine was a document that said Europe couldn't colonize the Americas anymore. James Monroe was a Republican and an Episcopalian. He died July 4, 1831 in New York City, New York.